The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.A) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S.A territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. Nine time zones are covered. The geography, climate and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse.
The first confirmed European landing in present-day United States territory was by Christopher Columbus, who visited Puerto Rico on November 19, 1493.
Largest U.S.A Cities: New York City (NY), Los Angeles (CA), Chicago (IL), Houston (TX), Philadelphia (PA), Phoenix (AZ), San Diego (CA), Dallas (TX), San Jose (CA).
The United Nations assigned an Education Index of 99.9 to the United States, ranking it number 1 in the world, a position it shares with about 20 other nations. The USA has a basic literacy rate of 98% to 99%. 27.2% of the population has earned a bachelor's degree or higher, and 84.6% have graduated high school.
The birth and develpment of cinema largely took place in the United States. Hollywood, California is the movie capital of the world. Rock, pop, soul, hip hop, country, blues, and jazz are among America's most internationally renowned genres of music.
Professional sports in the U.S.A is big business and has the world's highest paid athletes. The "Big Four" sports are baseball, American football, ice hockey, and basketball. Baseball is referred to as "the national pastime"; however, since the early 1990s, football has been the most popular sport in the U.S.A
The United States contains examples of nearly every global climate. The climate is temperate in most areas, tropical in Hawaii and southern Florida, polar in Alaska, semiarid in the Great Plains, deserts in the Southwest, Mediterranean in coastal California and arid in the Great Basin. Its generous climate contributed to the country's rise as a world power.
With over 3.7 million square miles and over 300 million people, the United States is is the world's third largest country by total area after Russia and Canada. With a GDP of over USD 13 trillion, the U.S.A has the largest national economy in the world.
The federal government comprises three branches, which are designed to check and balance one another's powers:
Legislative: The Congress, made up of the Senate and the House of Representatives, which makes federal law, declares war, approves treaties and has powers of impeachment.
Executive: The President, who administers and enforces federal law, can veto bills, and is Commander in Chief of the military.
Judiciary: The Supreme Court and lower federal courts, whose judges are appointed by the President with Senate approval, which interpret laws and their validity under the Constitution and can overturn laws they deem unconstitutional.
The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation. Its government relies on representative democracy through a congressional system under a set of powers specified by its Constitution.
The USA is the most sought-after study destination in the world.
More international students study in the USA than any other country, and for good reason. While many of the world's top institutions reside in the USA, there are also more than 4,000 other world-class universities offering a top-notch education that can lead to career success. The USA remains the source of most of the world's ground-breaking developments in technology, business, arts, and beyond.
Below are just some of the reasons that students choose the USA.
Quality Education and Unique Curriculum.
Academic prerequisite Admission requirements vary between universities and colleges in the United States. You normally must have graduated from secondary school (called high school in the US). You must also fulfill the requirements for the specific education course to which you are applying. In addition, most schools require results from a test like the SAT Reasoning Test (Scholastic Assessment/ Aptitude Test), which is a standardized test for university admissions.
Linguistic prerequisite Some schools in the US accept that you have obtained certificates at sufficiently high standard in English from secondary school. Other universities require that you complete a TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) or IELTS (International English Language Testing System) test to prove your English skills.
Grading System Almost everything you do for a class in the United States will effect your grade: examinations and tests, essays or written assignments, laboratory reports, studio work, class attendance, and class participation. The grade scale is usually from either A to F or 0-4. For each grade, you need certain percentages. For example, to get an A (or 4) on a test, you usually need to correctly answer 90-100 % of the questions, to get a B (or 3), you need 80-90%, and so on.
Credit System : Each course you take at a university in the USA is counted as a certain number of credits, also called hours or units. You normally need between 130 and 180 credits to graduate. One credit is equal to 50 minutes of class time per week; completing a class that meets 3 times every week is equal to earning 3 credits. Full-time students usually earn 15 credits every semester. Students are assigned an academic advisor at the school who helps plan their credits and courses.
Semester System : Most schools in the USA have a two-semester system, each semester lasting for roughly 15-17 weeks. The fall semester usually starts in late-August or September, and finishes just before or after Christmas. The spring semester begins in early- to mid-January and runs until May or sometimes June. Some schools in the United States use a semester system called the quarter system, each quarter lasting for about 10 weeks. There are also schools which schedule three-semester academic years, where each semester is 10-12 weeks.
The cost of education in USA varies from state to state, type of university and course of study. Universities in US are divided into two categories : Public/ State Institutions and Private Institutions. Depending upon in which university you are studying at, average tuition fees or cost ranges from USD 15,000 to USD 30,000 approximately per year for private universities, USD 10,000 to USD 20,000 approximately per year for public universities and USD 8,000 to USD 12,000 approximately per year for community colleges. Hence, the average cost of studying in US varies from USD 5,000 to USD 50,000 approximately per year depending upon the course. The cost of education in US is high for MBA and Medicine courses in comparison to Engineering courses.
|Accommodation||USD 909.29 to USD 1959.74|
|Meals for Two||USD 50.00|
|Sports And Leisure||USD 64.43|
|Utilities (Water, Electricity, Internet etc.)||USD 200.78|
|Public Transport Monthly Pass||USD 70.00|